council on african security and development

Current Affairs


Former US President, George W. Bush, advocates for PEPFAR and Africa

Jun 03, 2017
Ambassador John Campbell. Former President George W. Bush’s trip to Botswana and Namibia is a reminder of perhaps his signature achievement in office, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, known as PEPFAR...

Creating more states in Nigeria was, and continues to be a bad idea

Jun 02, 2017
John O. Ifediora. Nigeria, like its oil-exporting counterparts such as Venezuela, Iran, Algeria, and to a lesser extent, Indonesia, exhibits all the symptoms of a petrolized state ---the near exclusive dependence on petrodollars to finance its fiscal expenditure, and private-sector consumption...
Photo Credit: Obinna F. Muoh

With as many as ninety-five million Nigerians living without electricity, a corrective measure is imperative

May 30, 2017
Obinna F. Muoh. From the student in a rural town somewhere in Nigeria that is literally burning the mid-night oil to the industrialist whose cost of production puts her in an untenable market position, the socio-economic life of every Nigerian has been affected in no small measure by the upheavals in the power sector...
Photo Credit: Morgan Winsor

Climate Change In Africa: African Global Warming Role Is Small But Crucial To Finding Solution

Mar 23, 2017
Morgan Winsor. While Africa’s lack of modern energy and minimum carbon footprint have made it the slightest contributor to the growing global warming crisis, the massive continent bears the brunt of the world’s rising temperatures with damaging effects such as massive droughts, flooding, unreliable crop yield and waning ecosystems...

Development and Security Matters

Solving the energy poverty problem in sub-Saharan Africa

Jul 27, 2017
John O. Ifediora. Sub-Saharan Africa has the dubious distinction of having the lowest electricity generation capability, and its inhabitants suffer the most debilitating energy poverty in the world...

Centralized electricity supply must now end; the dawn of the mini-grids

Jun 14, 2017
As the world moves inexorably towards clean energy, and just as steadfastly sheds its dependence on fossil fuels, the pace at which policy makers and actors in the private sector are facilitating this transformation is agonizingly slow for millions in developing countries without access to electricity...

Energy, Growth and Development

Jun 04, 2017
Michael Greenstone.* It is nearly impossible to overstate the role of access to reliable energy as a critical determinant of growth...

The new research agenda for achieving universal energy access

Jun 01, 2017
Akachukwu Okafor* In September 2015, the United Nations adopted a set of seventeen global development goals called Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which set out the development priorities that the global community should pursue...

Academic Papers

The Cost And Benefit of Globalization: Who Are The Beneficiaries?

Jun 02, 2017
John Ikerd. Globalization has become a major public issue over the past decade.  Most of the recent controversy has centered on the World Trade Organization (WTO)...

To forgive or not to forgive: A timely question in an era of Terror

Jun 02, 2017
John O. Ifediora. Introduction. Simon Wiesenthal’s seminal narrative of his experiences as a Nazi concentration camp inmate is, at its core, an inquiry into the nature of human capacity to make decisions under conditions of extreme trauma...

Sovereignty Matters: Africa, Donors And The Aid Relationship

May 28, 2017
William Brown. This article critiques the predominant opinion that aid undermines the sovereignty of African states...

Innovative Development Strategies In Africa

Apr 01, 2017
Rejoice Ngwenya. Africa’s real per capita income today is lower than in the 1970s, leaving many African countries as poor as they were forty years ago...

Book Reviews


The Paradox of Generosity–Giving we Receive, Grasping we Lose

Jun 04, 2017
By Christian Smith, Hilary Davidson. "The Paradox of Generosity is a winner. It's a terrific book full of interesting and important data and insights and, more important, meaningful lessons for each of us and for all of us...

Religion and Democratization

Jun 03, 2017
By Michael D. Driessen. "This is among the most important recent books on religion and democracy. Michael Driessen insightfully and convincingly challenges the prevailing wisdom among many liberal thinkers, arguing that religion and state are not only compatible in democracies but that a religiously friendly democratization process is possible...

Violence and the World’s Religious Traditions

Jun 02, 2017
By Mark Juergensmeyer, Margo Kitts, Michael Jerryson. Is religion inherently predisposed to violence? Or has religion been taken hostage by a politics of aggression? The years since the end of the Cold War have shown a noticeable shift in patterns of religious extremism, accentuating the uncomfortable, complex, and oft-misunderstood relationship between religion and violence...

China’s Second Continent: How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa

Jun 02, 2017
As Africa struggles to take its rightful place in the global arena, it must, once again, face the dreadful prospect of re-colonization...